Child Rights

Although India has a large number of laws to protect and promote the rights of children, children’s concerns are viewed primarily as a welfare issue rather a rights issue. By developing a legal rights-based approach for children, the Child Rights Initiative (CRI) combats the violation of children’s rights and increases their access to the legal system.

What SLIC Does

CRI’s major activity is filing Public Interest Cases in the Supreme Court of India and various High Courts on issues affecting children. CRI provides pro-bono legal services to children in conflict with the law and children in need of care and protection in the Juvenile Justice Boards and Child Welfare Committees all over the country. CRI represents children who are victims of sexual abuse or bonded labour during trial proceedings in trial courts, and assists the prosecution in the trial.

CRI also provides training to the police, labour departments, civil society organizations, judiciary and government officials on various legislations and policies made for children. It has been instrumental in providing assistance in the formulation of new laws, rules and policies for children. It also conducts fact-findings, campaigns, publishes books and posters, organizes consultations, meetings and Judicial Colloquiums for increasing awareness about child rights among duty-bearers and right-holders.

CRI is part of the special taskforce for the rescue and rehabilitation of child labourers and responds to crisis situations through raid and rescue operations. It has set up a Crisis Intervention Center in the northwest and central districts of Delhi, which is also now being replicated in other states. It also monitors the implementation of various schemes and policies related to children. CRI functions in close collaboration with other grassroots organizations in the country.

Main Concerns

·      Child labour
·      Child trafficking.
·      Right to education
·      Child health and nutrition
·      Child marriages
·      Juvenile justice
·      Child sexual abuse
·      Torture and abuse of children


SLIC Impact

SLIC has been working towards rehabilitating children in conflict with the law and ensuring they don’t get stuck in the criminal justice system. The Supreme Court in our PIL on juvenile justice (Sampurna Behura Vs Union of India), ordered all the states and Union Territories in violation of complying with the JJ act provisions to do with the following:

·      Complete training of the Special Juvenile Police Units by the District Legal Aid Services Authority
·      Set up Juvenile Justice Boards in every district
·      Reduce pendency by ensuring that the Board sits daily with active participation of social workers
·      Create a module to train Legal Aid Lawyers and ensure their adequate presence in each district
·      Encourage the implementation of the Integrated Child Protection Scheme
·      Set up the Commission for Protection of Child Rights in Every state
CRI has also filed a PIL in the Odisha High Court (pending final hearing), to require the state to create a Compulsory Marriage Registration Act to combat child marriage, and ensure that the Mandatory provisions and rules of the Prohibition of Child Marriage Act be strictly followed.

CRI has been successful in obtaining interim compensation in several cases for victims under POCSO in Manipur, Kerala and a few other states. It has represented refugee children who have come in the JJ System and obtained for them refugee status. In a few districts, SLIC-empanelled lawyers work with the DLSA to represent children in conflict with law and conduct trials in their cases.
State Consultation on Tiger Widows, Forest Rights Act, Reproductive Health Rights, and Human Trafficking

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Bongaon District Meeting

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State Level Meeting on Violation of Human Rights in West Bengal During Covid 19

Prior to the announcement of the National Lockdown on 25 March 2020, a number of courts had shut down in response to t more

District Meeting on Women and Adolescent Empowerment

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District Meeting on Women and Adolescent Empowerment

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Paediatric Heath Facilities

Soumitra Karmakar Chakraborty vs. The State of West Bengal & Ors W.P.A. (P) No. 164 of 2021

Minor rape survivor's safe medical termination of pregnancy of 23 weeks

Madhusudha Biswal Vrs State of Odisha -W.P.(C) No. 13546 of 2021
Disposed off

Rescued Bonded laborers in Kurla to get Interim cash assistance as per the Central Sector Scheme for Rehabilitation Bonded Labour, 2016

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Webinar on Understanding Child Rights Role of Law as an Enforcement Tool

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Child Rights Significance and Need for Child Safeguarding, Children in Need of Care & Protection in Post Covid-19, Prevention of Children from Sexual Offences

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Webinar on District Consultation Meeting on Training, Coaching and Mentoring of Paralegals of Santhal Pargana Development Cluster (SPDC), Pradan

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Using the Law for Human Rights in Arunachal Pradesh

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Medical Termination of Pregnancy of rape victim

Raju Ravidas Versus State of Jharkhand and ors.
Disposed of

Minor SC Girl demands her right to abortion

Shashikala Vs. State of Madhya Pradesh, W.P. No. 8689/2020
Disposed Off

Bombay High Court: Raped Teen May Abort 23-Week Foetus

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One Out of Every 7 Kids Malnourished in Indore District

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Plan of Action: For Working Children in Delhi

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Child Sexual Abuse and the Law

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Child Marriages and the Law in India

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Report: National Consultation on Child Rights

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Lawyer Shreeji Bhavsar speaks on the sexual assault and murder of 15 year old girl in Dholpur, Rajasthan #BetiBachao

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No country for its own children: Only constant vigilance and swift action can stop child rapes in India

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Call for applications for National Consultation of Lawyers on Child Rights in Himachal Pradesh

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Lack of action on child bonded labour: Delhi HC issues notice to state, asks for status reports on child labour schemes

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Delhi HC issues notice in case of school discriminating against child with ADHD

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Supreme Court on Children

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Out of School Children

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Indian Laws Protecting Children

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A study on the social life of ex-residents of the government juvenile justice institutions in kerala.

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SLIC files petition seeking action against alarming number of children dying from malnutrition in MP

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Fact findings on Public Health Centres in South West Khasi Hills, Shillong

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Fact finding report on Public Heath Centres in Meghalaya

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Survey conducted of Government schools in Bihar

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Fact finding on Public Health Centres in Shillong, Meghlaya

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